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politics:known_kgb_operations [2020/02/17 22:54] (current)
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 +====== Known Soviet Union KGB Operations ======
  
 +[[cia_atrocities|C.I.A Here]]
 +
 +The unbelievably small number are exposed by the USA not released by the KGB or its successor the FSB. The Soviet System is still largely unknown.
 +
 +===== Active Measures Philosophy =====
 +
 +  * <html><a href="http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Soviet Active Measures" onClick="window.open('http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Soviet Active Measures','Soviet Active Measures','width=660,height=500');return false">Soviet Active Measures</a></html>
 +  * <html><a href="http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Yuri Bezmenov G Edward Griffin Interview" onClick="window.open('http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Yuri Bezmenov G Edward Griffin Interview','Yuri Bezmenov G. Edward Griffin Interview','width=660,height=500');return false">Yuri Bezmenov G. Edward Griffin Interview</a></html>
 +  * <html><a href="http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Yuri Bezmenov Lecture KGB Soviet Philosophy" onClick="window.open('http://www.ganino.com/html5mov/movie.php?m=Yuri Bezmenov Lecture KGB Soviet Philosophy','Yuri Bezmenov Lecture KGB Soviet Philosophy','width=660,height=500');return false">Yuri Bezmenov Lecture KGB Soviet Philosophy</a></html>
 +
 +Active Measures (Russian: Активные мероприятия) were a form of political warfare conducted by the Soviet security services (Cheka, OGPU, NKVD, KGB) to influence the course of world events, "in addition to collecting intelligence and producing politically correct assessment of it". Active measures ranged "from media manipulations to special actions involving various degrees of violence". They were used both abroad and domestically. They included disinformation, propaganda, counterfeiting official documents, assassinations, and political repression, such as penetration in churches, and persecution of political dissidents.
 +
 +Active measures included the establishment and support of international front organizations (e.g. the World Peace Council); foreign communist, socialist and opposition parties; wars of national liberation in the Third World; and underground, revolutionary, insurgency, criminal, and terrorist groups. The intelligence agencies of Eastern Bloc states also contributed to the program, providing operatives and intelligence for assassinations and other types of covert operations.
 +
 +Retired KGB Maj. Gen. Oleg Kalugin described active measures as "the heart and soul of Soviet intelligence": "Not intelligence collection, but subversion: active measures to weaken the West, to drive wedges in the Western community alliances of all sorts, particularly NATO, to sow discord among allies, to weaken the United States in the eyes of the people of Europe, Asia, Africa, Latin America, and thus to prepare ground in case the war really occurs."
 +
 +Active measures was a system of special courses taught in the Andropov Institute of KGB situated at SVR headquarters in Yasenevo, near Moscow. The head of "active measures department" was Yuri Modin, former controller of the Cambridge Five spy ring.
 +===== Operation Trust =====
 +
 +Operation Trust (операция "Трест") was a counterintelligence operation of the State Political Directorate (GPU) of the Soviet Union. The operation, which ran from 1921–1926, set up a fake anti-Bolshevik resistance organization, "Monarchist Union of Central Russia", MUCR (Монархическое объединение Центральной России, МОЦР), in order to help the OGPU identify real monarchists and anti-Bolsheviks.
 +
 +The head of the MUCR was Alexander Yakushev (Александр Александрович Якушев), a former bureaucrat of Ministry of Communications of Imperial Russia, who after the Russian Revolution joined the Narkomat of External Trade (Наркомат внешней торговли), when the Soviets had to allow the former specialists (called "spetsy", "спецы") to take positions of their expertise. This position allowed him to travel abroad and contact Russian emigrants.
 +
 +MUCR kept the monarchist general Alexander Kutepov (Александр Кутепов) from active actions, as he was convinced to wait for the development of internal anti-Bolshevik forces. Kutepov originally believed terrorist action was necessary to defeat the Bolsheviks and formed the "combat organization," a militant splinter from the Russian Armed Services Union (Russkiy Obshcho­Voyenskiy Soyuz) led by General Baron Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel
 +
 +Kutepov also created the Inner Line as a counter intelligence organization to prevent Bolshevik penetrations. It caused the Cheka some problems, but obviously was not overly successful.
 +
 +Among the successes of Trust was the luring of Boris Savinkov and Sidney Reilly into the Soviet Union to be arrested and executed.
 +
 +Some modern researchers say that there are reasons to believe that both persons had doubts in MUCR, and they went into the Soviet Union for their own reasons, using MUCR as a pretext.
 +
 +The Soviets did not organize Trust from scratch. The White Army had left sleeper agents and there were also Royalist Russians who did not leave after the Civil War. These people cooperated to the point of having a loose organizational structure. When the OGPU discovered them, they did not liquidate them, but expanded the organization for their own use.
 +
 +Still another episode of the operation was an "illegal" trip (in fact, monitored by OGPU) of a notable emigree Vasily Shulgin into the Soviet Union. After his return he published a book "Three Capitals" with his impressions. In the book he wrote, in part, that contrary to his expectations, Russia was reviving, and the Bolsheviks would probably be removed from power.
 +
 +The one Western historian who had limited access to the TREST files, John Costello, reported that they comprised thirty-seven volumes and were such a bewildering welter of double-agents, changed code names, and interlocking deception operations with "the complexity of a symphonic score," that Russian historians from the Intelligence Service had difficulty separating fact from fantasy.
 +
 +Defector Vasili Mitrokhin reported that the TREST files were not housed at the SVR offices in Yasenevo, but were kept in the special archival collections (spetsfondi) of the FSB at the Lubyanka.
 +
 +In 1967 a Soviet adventure TV sequel, Operation Trust (Операция "Трест") was created.
 +
 +===== Operation Toucan =====
 +
 +Operation TOUCAN was a KGB/DGI public relations and disinformation campaign directed at the military government of Chile led by Augusto Pinochet. According to former KGB officer Vasili Mitrokhin, the plot was originally conceived by Yuri Vladimirovich Andropov. The plot's twofold task was to organize sympathetic human rights activists to pressure the United Nations and generate negative press for the Pinochet regime. In 1976, the start of TOUCAN, the New York Times published 66 articles on Chile’s human rights record and four on Cambodia’s Khmer Rouge and only 3 such articles on the human rights situation in Cuba.
 +
 +As part of operation TOUCAN, the KGB also forged a letter tying the CIA to an assassination campaign by Chile’s DINA and many journalists, including columnist Jack Anderson of the New York Times, used this information in their news stories as evidence of the CIA’s involvement in the more nefarious parts of Operation Condor.
 +
 +===== Operation Seat 12 =====
 +
 +Seat 12 also known as Operation Seat 12 was an alleged disinformation campaign of communist propaganda during the Cold War to discredit the moral authority of the Vatican because of its outspoken anti-communism. The plot was alleged in 2007 by Ion Mihai Pacepa, a general who headed the Romanian secret service before defecting to the West in 1978.
 +
 +According to Pacepa, in February 1960, Nikita Khrushchev authorized a covert plan to discredit the Vatican's moral authority in Western Europe with a campaign of disinformation due to its fervent anticommunism, Pope Pius XII being the prime target. The motto of Seat 12 was "Dead men cannot defend themselves" since Pius died in 1958. Pacepa states that General Ivan Agayants, chief of the KGB’s disinformation department, created the outline for what was to become a play mischaracterizing the Pope as a Nazi sympathizer, The Deputy, that the purported research for the play consisted of forgeries and the research was done not by its claimed author Rolf Hochhuth but by KGB agents and that the play's producer, Erwin Piscator, founder of the Proletarian Theater in Berlin who had sought asylum in the USSR during the war, was a devout Communist who had long established ties with the USSR.
 +
 +Pacepa states that the KGB employed Romanian spies to feign that Romania was preparing to reestablish diplomatic relations with the Holy See. Under this ruse, Pacepa states he obtained entree to Vatican archives from the Church's head of secret discussions with the Warsaw Pact, Monsignor Agostino Casaroli. Three communist spies in the guise of priests over two years secreted materials out of the archives for copying and transfer to the KGB. "In fact," Pacepa reported, "no incriminating material against the pontiff ever turned up." According to Pacepa, General Ivan Agayants, head of Soviet disinformation, informed him while in Bucharest in 1963 that the disinformation campaign had "materialised into a powerful play attacking Pope Pius XII", Agrayants having authored the outline of The Deputy and overseen KGB's compilation of the "research" which incorporated documents Pacepa's agents had purloined from the Vatican.
 +
 +Writer and law professor Ronald Rychlak states that the American producer of Seat 12's play was also a communist; many of the press who lauded the play had deep connections to leftist or communist causes; a highly communist influenced periodical helped to guarantee The Deputy played on Broadway; and even early reviews had communist links. Pacepa also relates that in 1974 Yuri Andropov admitted that had Soviets known in 1963 what they knew in 1974 (newly released information that Hitler was hostile to and plotted against Pius XII) they would never have gone after him.
 +
 +According to Rychlak, a declassified British intelligence memorandum, dated January 10, 1969, surmises that Hochhuth may have played a knowing role in spreading communist propaganda, rather than having been a dupe, saying he “might perhaps be an ‘intellectual agent, writing either on behalf of the East Germans or the Soviets” and the British agents declined to “discount the possibility of long-term efforts by the communists to foster Hochhuth’s allegations until they become legend." The memorandum continued: “whether Hochhuth is motivated only by the urge to write historical plays, to rehabilitate the Germans or is up to some more sinister game is difficult to determine at this stage. But the Russians are certainly reaping some of the benefit.”
 +
 +Rychlak concludes that Hochhuth might not have been a knowing actor in the propaganda but was a "perfect candidate to be an unknowing dupe." Rychlak writes "his ideology was not far removed from Marxism. He also admitted that he was, at least at times, anticlerical. He was particularly opposed to priestly celibacy.”
 +
 +Referring to Pacepa' account, German historian Michael F. Feldkamp writes that “Pacepa’s report is wholly credible. It fits like a missing piece in the puzzle of communist propaganda and disinformation aimed at discrediting the Catholic Church and its Pontiff." English historian, Michael Burleigh, concurring with Feldkamp, states "Soviet attempts to smear Pius had actually commenced as soon as the Red Army crossed into Catholic Poland”, noting that the Soviets "hired a militantly anti-religious propagandist, Mikhail Markovich Sheinmann" - "Hochhuth's play...drew heavily upon Sheinmann's lies and falsehoods..."
 +
 +Pacepa's story has not been corroborated; the national German paper Frankfurter Allgemeine stated in 2007 that "Hochhuth did not require any KGB assistance for his one-sided presentation of history".
 +===== Operation INFEKTION =====
 +
 +Operation: INFEKTION was a KGB disinformation campaign to spread information that the United States invented HIV/AIDS as part of a biological weapons research project at Fort Detrick, Maryland. The Soviet Union used it to undermine the United States’ credibility, foster anti-Americanism, isolate America abroad, and create tensions between host countries and the U.S. over the presence of American military bases (which were often portrayed as the cause of AIDS outbreaks in local populations).
 +
 +According to U.S. State Department analysts, another reason the Soviet Union "promoted the AIDS disinformation may have been its attempt to distract international attention away from its own offensive biological warfare program, which [was monitored] for decades"--in addition to anthrax, the Soviets were believed to have developed tularemia, the plague, and cholera for biological warfare purposes, as well as botulinum toxin, enterotoxins, and mycotoxins. An alternative explanation is that the operation may have been in retaliation for American accusations that the Soviets used chemical weapons in South East Asia, later dubbed the yellow rain incident.
 +
 +===== US Army Field Manual 30-31B =====
 +
 +The US Army Field Manual 30-31B is an alleged classified appendix to a US Army Field Manual that describes top-secret counter insurgency tactics. In particular, it identifies a strategy of tension involving violent attacks which are then blamed on radical left-wing groups in order to convince allied governments of the need for counter-action. It has been called the Westmoreland Field Manual because it is signed with the alleged signature of General William Westmoreland. It was labeled as supplement B (hence "30-31B"), however, the publicly released version of FM 30-31 only has one appendix, Supplement A.
 +
 +The U.S. government describes the document as a forgery. The document first appeared in Turkey in the 1970s, before being circulated to other countries. It was also used at the end of the 1970s to implicate the Central Intelligence Agency in the Red Brigades' kidnapping and assassination of former Italian prime minister Aldo Moro.
 +
 +===== Operation Neptune (espionage) =====
 +
 +In 1964, as part of Operation Neptune, the Czech intelligence apparatus publicly claimed to have discovered Nazi-era intelligence files hidden beneath the surface of Černé jezero lake. The claim was false. It was a Soviet deception operation. It was the largest disinformation operation of the Czech intelligence apparatus. In 1964, at the bottom of Devil's Lake in the Šumava as if by chance were found boxes of secret documents that are stored since World War II. These papers were to serve as proof that the West among the dignitaries was a lot of informants by the Gestapo and war criminals. The supposed find was alleged to reveal the names of a large number of spies controlled by the Nazi Germany in Eastern Europe. Fearing that portions of their intelligence network might be compromised, the West Germans were forced to cease working with agents they “inherited” from the Nazi regime. At the time, they even managed to worsen relations between Germany and Italy, as had been published the names of people who lived in Germany during the war worked against Italy.
 +
 +===== Operation Proba (KGB) =====
 +
 +Commander Anthony Tosswill Courtney, OBE, RN (16 May 1908 – 24 January 1988) was a British Royal Navy officer and politician. While a Member of Parliament, he was a victim of a plot apparently instituted by the KGB to discredit him, which appeared to contribute to the loss of his seat. He was a leading member of the Conservative Monday Club.
 +
 +===== Operation Berezino =====
 +
 +Operation Scherhorn (in English sources) or Operation Berezino (original Russian codename), Operation Beresino (in East German sources) was a secret deception operation performed by the NKVD against the Nazi secret services in August 1944 – May 1945. It was proposed by Joseph Stalin, drafted by Mikhail Maklyarsky and executed by Pavel Sudoplatov and his NKVD subordinates assisted by ethnic German antifascists and communists.
 +
 +The main objective of Operation Berezino was to create an illusion of a large German armed group operating behind the front line in Russian held territory, and to deplete Nazi intelligence resources through capture and extermination of their field operatives sent to assist these nonexistent troops. The NKVD set up a fake German "resistance pocket" under "command" of lieutenant-colonel Heinrich Scherhorn, a real German prisoner of war forced to cooperate with the Soviets. The German response, Otto Skorzeny's Operation Freischütz (Operation Poacher in post-war English sources) developed according to Soviet expectations. The German commandos sent by Skorzeny were routinely arrested and forced to take part in the Soviet funkspiel. German support gradually faded, but the German command maintained radio contact with "Group Scherhorn" until May 1945.
 +
 +===== Operation RYAN =====
 +
 +Operation RYAN (or RYaN) was a cold war military intelligence program run by the USSR during the early 1980s when they believed the United States was planning for an imminent first strike attack. The name is an acronym for Raketno-Yadernoe Napadenie (Russian: Ракетно-ядерное нападение, "Nuclear Missile Attack").
 +
 +The purpose of the operation was to collect intelligence on potential contingency plans of the Reagan administration to launch a nuclear first strike against the Soviet Union." It was initiated in May 1981 by Yuri Andropov, then chairman of KGB.
 +
 +RYAN took on a new significance after the announcement of plans to deploy Pershing II nuclear-capable missiles to West Germany. These missiles were designed to be launched from road-mobile vehicles, making the launch sites very hard to find. The flight time from West Germany to European Russia was only four to six minutes (approximate flying time from six to eight minutes from West Germany to Moscow), giving the Soviets little or no warning.
 +
 +On 23 March 1983 Ronald Reagan publicly announced development of the SDI program. Soviet leadership felt that the use of SDI technology was to render America invulnerable to Soviet attack, thereby allowing the US to launch missiles against the USSR with no fear of retaliation. This concern about a surprise attack prompted sudden expansion of the RYAN program. The level of concern reached its peak after the Soviets shot down KAL 007 near Moneron Island on 1 September 1983, and during the NATO Exercise Able Archer 83. The Soviet Union believed that a United States first strike on the Soviet Union was imminent.
 +
 +Operation RYAN was downscaled in 1984, after the deaths of its main proponents, Yuri Andropov and defense minister Dmitriy Ustinov.
 +
 +===== Soviet Penetration Of The RCMP Security Service =====
 +
 +In 1972, it was suspected that there was a Soviet infiltrator in the ranks of Canadian intelligence. Suspicion initially fell upon Leslie James Bennett. With Bennett's personal leftist politics, and past acquaintanceship with defector Kim Philby, he was pilloried as the most likely suspect by the RCMP themselves, although the RCMP was asked to investigate Bennett by James Jesus Angleton of the CIA. The accusations and interrogations by the police led to the breakdown of Bennett's marriage and early retirement.
 +
 +In the 1980s it was discovered that the mole had actually been Sergeant Gilles Brunet, the son of an RCMP assistant commissioner.
 +
 +===== Tagantsev Conspiracy =====
 +
 +Tagantsev conspiracy (or the case of Petrograd Military Organization) was a non-existent monarchist conspiracy fabricated by the Soviet secret police in 1921 to terrorize intellectuals who might be in a potential opposition to the Bolshevik regime. More than 800 people, mostly from scientific and artistic communities in Petrograd (Saint Petersburg) were arrested on false terrorism charges, 98 were executed without trial and many were sent to concentration camps. Among of the executed was the poet Nikolay Gumilev, first husband of Anna Akhmatova.
 +
 +The case was named after Vladimir Nikolaevich Tagantsev, a geographer and member of Russian Academy of Sciences who was tortured and tricked into giving hundreds names of people who criticized the Bolshevik regime. The case was manufactured by Yakov Agranov, who later became one of the chief organizers of Stalinist show trials and the Great Purge. The case was officially declared "completely fabricated" and all victims rehabilitated by Russian authorities only in 1992 because of stonewalling by the KGB.
 +
 +===== Thing (listening device) =====
 +
 +The Thing, also known as the Great Seal bug, was one of the first covert listening devices (or "bugs") to use passive techniques to transmit an audio signal. Because it was passive, being energized and activated by electromagnetic energy from an outside source, it is considered a predecessor of current RFID technology.
 +
 +===== Who's Who in the CIA vs KGB: The Secret Work of Secret Agents =====
 +
 +Who's Who in CIA is a book written by the East German journalist Julius Mader (AKA Thomas Bergner) and published in East Berlin in 1968, under Stasi auspices and probably with KGB assistance. Mader was a writer employed by the East German Military publishing house and apparently had access to some information on CIA officers that was not publicly available. The book purported to identify about 3,000 active agents of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency. It was modeled after other Who's Who guides.
 +
 +In retaliation, the CIA assisted journalist John Barron in writing his book KGB: The Secret Work of Secret Agents, the appendix of which named 1,600 alleged KGB and GRU officers posted abroad under diplomatic cover. Barron admitted to the New York Times, that he received help from the CIA in writing the appendix.
 +
 +CIA Station Chief Richard Welch was assassinated in Greece in 1975 by the Marxist Revolutionary Organization 17 November (17N). Welch had previously been outed as a CIA operative in Who's Who In CIA. His assassination eventually led to the Intelligence Identities Protection Act.
politics/known_kgb_operations.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/17 22:54 (external edit)