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old_english_calendar [2020/02/17 22:53] (current)
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 +====== The Old English Calendar ======
  
 +<html>
 +<table border="1" width="99%" bordercolor="#FF0000" cellspacing="1">
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center">
 +      <p align="center"><b><i><font size="2">Old English Name</font></i></b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">
 +      <p align="center"><font size="2">&nbsp;<i><b>Suggested Meaning of Old
 +      English Name</b></i></font></td>
 +    <td width="22%">
 +      <p align="center"><b><i><font size="2"> Modern Equivalent</font></i></b></td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>[Æftera]-Geol-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'After-Yule-month' (second passing / changing month)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> January</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Sol-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'[Returning] Sun-month'; also called ' Flat Cakes' Month'</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> February</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Hreð-monaþ&nbsp;</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'month of <i>Hreða</i>' ('glory-goddess')</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> March</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Eostur-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'month of  the <i>Eostre</i> [Easter]' (goddess of&nbsp;
 +      'the radiant dawn')</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> April</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Ðrimilce-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'month of Three milkings'  (cows milked three times a day)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> May</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>[Ærra]-Liða-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'First Travelling month' ('líðian', to travel, sail,
 +      glide)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> June</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>[Æftera]-Liða-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Second Travelling month'  (some years had three)&nbsp;</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> July</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Weod-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Weed-month' (still a problem)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> August</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Halig-monaþ&nbsp;</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Holy month' (Harvest Month)&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> September</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Winter-fylleð&nbsp;</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Winter full moon month' (hunters' moon: first full moon of
 +      Autumn)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> October</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Blot-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Blood (sacrifice) month'  (surplus  livestock killed off
 +      before winter)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> November</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>[Ærra]-Geol-monaþ</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Before-Yule-month' (first passing / changing / month)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center">&nbsp;December</td>
 +  </tr>
 +  <tr>
 +    <td width="24%" align="center"><b>Modra-niht</b></td>
 +    <td width="58%">&nbsp;'Mothers' Night' (longest night: birth of the new solar year)</td>
 +    <td width="22%" align="center"> Christmas</td>
 +  </tr>
 +</table>
 +<blockquote>
 +<p align="left">
 +<font color="#663300">
 +This calendar is largely based on information supplied yet again by dear old
 +Bede.&nbsp; In his scientific treatise <i>On Chronology</i>, written in the
 +early eighth century, he provides us with the names of the pre-Christian Old
 +English months of the year [ch.15].&nbsp;&nbsp;</font>
 +</p>
 +
 +</blockquote>
 +
 +<p align="center"><font size="2" color="#663300">© Copyright Dr Sam Newton, Blotmonaþ AD 2000</font></p>
 +
 +<p align="center"><b>Further Reading</b>
 +</p>
 +
 +<blockquote>
 +
 +<p align="left"><font color="#663300">Kenneth Harrison, <i>The Framework of Anglo-Saxon History to
 +AD900</i> (Cambridge 1976), especially pp.1-14.<br>
 +C.W.Jones (ed.), <i>Bedae Opera de Temporibus</i> (Cambridge, Mass. 1943). <br>
 +A.L.Meaney, &quot;Bede and Anglo-Saxon Paganism&quot;, <i>Parergon</i> ns 3
 +(1985), pp.1-29, especially pp.2-8.</font>
 +</p>
 +
 +</blockquote>
 +</html>
old_english_calendar.txt · Last modified: 2020/02/17 22:53 (external edit)